Tuesday, October 24, 2017

Top 5 MealMeter Questions Answered


Over the last few years, we’ve fielded a lot of questions on the MealMeter feed dispenser. There are many I myself would ask if I was in the customers’ shoes.

For those of you who are intrigued, but haven’t caught up with us at a trade show or aren’t ready to make the call yet, here are answers to the top five questions on the MealMeter feed dispenser.


1. What exactly is the MealMeter and how does it work?


MealMeter feed dispenser
The MealMeter is a feed dispensing device that is latched (more on that later) in a drop feed tube in the breeding area of a sow farm. It was developed to convert the feed tube into an ad-lib feeder. 

Ad-lib feeding is popular in lactation because it is known to optimize feed intake at a time when sows need to consume a lot of feed in order to milk a healthy litter and not lose condition to be ready for her next cycle. However, little was done before the MealMeter to improve feed intake for pre-breed gilts, weaned sows and under conditioned sows in the breeding area even though feed intake is very important at this time in her reproductive cycle.

The MealMeter allows these sows the extra time needed to consume their daily ration. Just like in the finishing barn, some sows are “snackers” and some sows are “gorgers”. By giving her the freedom to choose when and how much to eat, she’s able to maximize feed intake so she is in prime condition to have another productive litter.

MealMeter with Breeder Bowl
The breeding area of the sow farm is where you can typically expect a lot of wasted feed because it’s where we all try to push the limit of feed consumption, but not in the way she needs it. Dropping a large amount of feed to her one or two times a day is labor intensive because you’re going to end up cleaning a lot of it out later when it becomes stale or rotten. Hand feeding is labor intensive because staff is hand scooping their estimate of what she is going to eat in each stall multiple times a day in order to drive feed intake yet attempt to lower waste.

The MealMeter takes the human element out of feeding sows. It saves on feed waste while at the same time pushes intake.



There are a couple different ways to set up the MealMeter in the breed row. We’ll dig deeper into these two options later. In the meantime, here’s a comparison between the two. Feel free to call (888) 354-0112 with any questions.

MealMeter in PigEasy Sow Feeder
The MealMeter is also offered in farrowing where it is inserted into an accompanying product, called the Lactation Boot, and installed onto the sow feeder. To optimize feed intake, we suggest using the PigEasy Sow Feeder, but the MealMeter and Lactation Boot can be retrofitted onto most existing feeders, along with the lactation water bracket.

The key to feeding sows in lactation with the MealMeter system is the water pipe in the feed bowl. The button nipple at the bottom of the water pipe requires the sow to “self-regulate” the feed flow into the sow feeder. Every time the sow goes in for a drink, she is cleaning up her eating area so it is ready for her next meal.

2.  Isn’t the sow just going to play with it?


This is probably the most popular question we’re asked about the MealMeter. I believe it’s because of producers’ previous experiences with ad-lib feeders where they see sows continue to fill up their bowl and never fully clean it out.

Is the sow playing with the feed? In our experience, not exactly. 

Before I explain how the MealMeter is set up to not allow the buildup of feed, I’m going to first explain the issue with ad-lib feeders in general and feed build up.

We’ve observed many sows consume feed with different feeders and we’ve come to the conclusion they aren’t playing. They’re layering.



Consider this: if you had a never-ending buffet at your fingertips, would you spend the time cleaning up your plate or would you keep your eye on the untouched, new food?

With ad-lib feeders, sows are dispensing the feed, eating a little bit, then heading back up for the fresh stuff without ever cleaning up what they originally dispensed. That’s where you get this layering effect and a bowl full of half eaten feed.

In breeding, the MealMeter’s set up options combat the layering issue in two different ways. 

The traditional set up has the MealMeter drop feed into a dry trough. Sows are watered via the SnoutSpout nipple bracket installed on the divider. The custom built feed tube has a viewing window toward the front aisle, so as the staff walks the row throughout the day, they can set the boxes to either push intake or hold back depending on the amount dispensed. Like Dad says, “You can either take seconds managing feed at the feed box or on your knees cleaning out the wasted feed that day.” With the MealMeter, feed is staying fresh in the tube until the sow is ready to eat. The traditional set up is where we got our start with the MealMeter and led Klocke Farms to a 1.75 total born increase with P1 sows.

We knew we could do more though. After coming to understand the layering effect and setting up the sow feeder in farrowing to “self-regulate” with the water pipe, we wanted to mirror that success in the breed row. So, we developed the Breeder Bowl.

MealMeter with Breeder Bowl

The PigEasy Breeder Bowl is a personal sow feeder that is installed on a gestation stall head gate. By serving as both her feed and water bowl, the individual waterer in the Breeder Bowl acts as a “dispensing regulator” for the MealMeter so she does not over-dispense and cleans up her feed with every drink. Feed does not build up in the Breeder Bowl because there are no deep corners.

The Breeder Bowl can be mounted on both straight front and sloped front stalls. This eliminates the need for a trough. Existing troughs do not pose a problem as the Breeder Bowl can be installed above the trough with enough clearance to open the gate. The Breeder Bowl is small enough to not lose any boar exposure and will not protrude into her stall space.

This new set up provides sows the freedom to choose when she wants to consume her feed with little to no daily management.

3. How much feed does the sow dispense at a time?


MealMeter Chambers
(also part called the Elevator)
I have to begin with a disclaimer that the answer depends on your feed type and density. However, we’ve measured our own feed to get a general estimate.

There are four moving chambers inside the MealMeter. As the sow spins the MealMeter nose, the chambers are filled and the feed is dispensed from the top opening of the MealMeter body.  Each of these chambers holds roughly 1/3 oz. Therefore, the sow will dispense 1lb of feed with 12 complete spins.

Watch this video of the MealMeter in the breed row. You’ll see the sow spins the MealMeter 2-4 times before actually eating. She eats for a little bit, then heads back up for another 2-4 spins.




We’ve found the amount the the MealMeter drops to be a sweet spot as it’s enough to satisfy her so she doesn’t get frustrated and not too much that she inadvertently over-dispenses.

Another question we get asked that usually follows #3 is “How much does a feed tube hold?” We custom manufacture 3 inch OD stainless steel feed tubes for the MealMeter and can estimate that each foot of 3” OD tube holds 1.65lbs. 

4. How is the MealMeter removable?


The MealMeter has a latch on the top of the body and is latched onto the stud that is installed at the top side near the opening of the custom feed tube and the Lactation Boot.

To install or remove, stick a pliers handle or screwdriver into the dispensing hole of the MealMeter body. This controls and locks all the pieces together so you can successfully latch the MealMeter onto the stud. Inserting it into the tube, turn the MealMeter toward the latch. You’ll feel and hear a click to know it was successfully latched. Removing is exactly the opposite. After sticking the pliers handle into the MealMeter dispensing hole, you’ll turn opposite the way it was latched in until you feel/hear a click and then pull out.

You can install the MealMeter on either side of the stud, but we suggest you turn the MealMeter away from the sow to install. The sow typically turns the MealMeter up (imagine a sow’s natural rooting movement) and you want the sow to turn the MealMeter into the stud. If it’s installed the opposite way, not to worry. The sow shouldn’t be able to get the MealMeter out because she only has access to the MealMeter’s nose.

5. What if a MealMeter piece breaks?

Sows tend to be a little hard on equipment, so we completely understand why this is a top question. Taking that into consideration, we made the MealMeter into four separate parts that are easily replaceable.


MealMeter Parts

There are two options to the the MealMeter nose, plastic or stainless steel. Most people choose the stainless steel option, but there are certain situations where plastic is most beneficial. Klocke Farms uses mostly plastic MealMeters. The nose is attached to a stainless steel square shaft that holds the rest of the pieces. The chamber or elevator is assembled inside the MealMeter body. The agitator or tail is installed on the back side of that shaft. Everything is held together with a stainless steel roll pin.

Let’s pretend a rock comes through the feed line and busts the MealMeter’s agitator. (I mean, you’ve only HEARD of things like that happening, right? Us too. 😉)

You need a new agitator to keep the feed flowing, so you give me a call, we send you out a replacement piece and a roll pin punch. You simply punch out the roll pin, replace the agitator, put the roll pin back in and you’re back in business.

The same goes for all of the other MealMeter parts. If you’re having issues with a certain part of the MealMeter, there’s no need to replace the entire thing. We can supply you with replacement parts and it takes little effort to fix.

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Our goal when developing the MealMeter was to make it easy to use and manage and that’s not just because our name is PigEasy; it’s because we’re pork producers too and understand what’s important to you.

If any of your top MealMeter questions weren’t answered, send me an email (Katie@pigeasy.com) or give me a call (888) 354-0112. I’ve got more information up my sleeve and would be happy to help!



Until next time,

Katie

Friday, September 29, 2017

Reproduction is a Luxury



A consulting veterinarian we’ve utilized for years at Klocke Farms has the heart of a teacher. He likes to stay focused on the fundamentals and uses phrases that stick in your head long after he heads back to the office. We often catch ourselves repeating these one-liners when we talk about the MealMeter feed dispenser. Yes, he’s a good teacher.

We were reminded of one of them recently that sums up the importance of feed intake at key points in a sow’s reproductive cycle.

“Reproduction is a luxury.”


Basically, a sow’s primary physiological goal is to keep herself alive. Only when her needs are met and she is in the right body condition is her body able to successfully reproduce. Therefore, reproduction is a secondary goal, or a luxury.

A sow enters into a catabolic state when she begins lactation. This means that if she’s not consuming enough calories, she will rapidly burn through her fat stores. Losing condition quickly in lactation increases the sow’s likelihood of prematurely leaving the herd due to reproductive failure. Because her body’s primary objective is survival, her body’s energy is going to be solely focused on building back those fat stores.

However, our consulting vet points out that even in the best of conditions, a sow is still in a catabolic state in lactation. No matter how much she eats, she’s still burning fat. And if she drops off feed post wean, her body could still be burning those fat stores for 2-4 more days.

Jumping species, he recently told us about this Holstein in Wisconsin that broke the record for gallons of milk produced in a year. He said even with this cow in the best of conditions and eating top notch feed, she still ended up losing 300 lbs.

We all think sows can make up for it throughout gestation, but research indicates that the best shot for a sow to rebound is in the first trimester.


This is why feed intake post wean is imperative to the sow’s reproductive success. A sow can rapidly rebound post wean in the right conditions and when given a chance. As pork producers, it is our job to ensure all of the sow’s needs are met before we can expect her to produce and milk large litters.

We hear from consultants and experts across the industry that we need to feed as much as we can to newly weaned sows. And we all try. Unfortunately, what you end up with is a bunch of feed to clean up.

That’s why we developed the MealMeter. The MealMeter for weaned sows serves as a transition from lactation to the gestation barn. It gives each sow TIME needed for her to eat fresh feed when she’s ready for it without the waste associated with feeding weaned sows. If she’s ready to eat at 10:00 at night, feed remains fresh in the tube ready for that moment. In a typical setting, her feed would either be washed down to her neighbor or remain stale and eventually build up into a mess.

Farms using the MealMeter see improvement in feed intake, and the benefits of that are widespread. At Klocke Farms, we observed an improvement in overall sow herd condition and that translated into higher sow longevity and a huge increase in pigs per sow per lifetime. PigEasy customers are noticing are getting similar results as they have greatly improved feed intake while at the same time reducing feed and water waste.


Reproduction is a luxury so it is important to make sure she is in a condition that allows for a successful subsequent litter. The MealMeter can help you accomplish that. Visit www.pigeasy.com or call (888) 354-0112 to learn more.

Until next time,


Katie



*** We have a new set up option for the MealMeter in breeding called the breeder bowl. For more information, call (888) 354-0112 or email Katie (katie@pigeasy.com).